Aims And Scope | The Editorial Process | Clinical trial registry | Ethical Consideration | Authorship | Contribution Details| Conflicts of Interest/ Competing Interests | Varieties of Article | Article Submission | Preparation of Manuscripts | Tables | Sending a revised manuscript | Reprints and proofs | Manuscript submission | Copyrights | Checklist | Contributors' form
The Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research is a bi-monthly multidisciplinary medical journal. We publish original research investigations, review articles (systematic and narrative), short communications, editorials, case reports and letters to the editor on basic and clinical, issues in medicine.
Multidisciplinary research which integrates basic medical science with clinical component will be given preference. We may occasionally publish book reviews and technical reports on special topics.
All submissions are initially subjected to review by the editorial board and then sent for double blinded peer review to referees in appropriate specialties who have published recently on the subject. We will consider manuscripts for publication from any part of the world, but most particularly manuscripts that would be of interest to readers in the third world.
Manuscripts are published in English, using United States spelling. However, we shall not reject any article purely on the basis of a lack of acquaintance with the style of written English language. The editors will provide support for authors whose first language is not English. We hope that the publication of this journal will bring an exciting opportunity for international scholarly communication and research. For all matters related to the manuscript, a corresponding author should be appointed by the authors. All manuscripts received are duly acknowledged and reviewed in the beginning by our editors for suitability for our journals before proceeding for the formal peer review. We will immediately reject manuscripts with insufficient creativity, grave scientific or technical flaws, or deficient in considerable message. Furthermore, articles that differ markedly from our scope will be rejected. However, an alternative journal may be suggested.
As soon as we determine the suitability of manuscripts for publication in Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research, two or more expert reviewers who have published in that specialty are appointed. Authors may also be requested to indicate the names of two or more experienced reviewers with considerable experience in the study area where their manuscripts may be sent to. However, the suggested reviewers should not have the same affiliation with the authors. The double-blind review process, in which the reviewers and authors are oblivious of each other’s identity, is adopted. Each member of the editorial team is responsible for a manuscript, but the final decision on acceptance lies on the editorial team. The corresponding author receives the comments, and suggestions (acceptance/ rejection/ amendments in manuscript) and he may be requested to provide a point by point reaction to the reviewers’ comments and submit a revised version of the manuscript. This process is repeated till reviewers and editors are satisfied with the manuscript. Accepted manuscripts for publications are copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. Page proofs are sent to the corresponding author. The corresponding author is expected to return the corrected proofs within three days. It may not be appropriate to include corrections received after that period. The entire process of submission of the manuscript to an ultimate conclusion and sending and receiving proofs is concluded online. To achieve quicker and better propagation of knowledge and information, the journal publishes articles online as ‘Ahead of Print’ immediately on acceptance.
All submissions shall be accompanied neither by a covering letter which must sate that the article has neither been published nor under consideration for publication in any other journal. It must also state clearly that there is no conflict of interest. This restraint does not apply to results published as abstracts of communications, letters to the editor or as preliminary reports. Authors should also declare financial supports that may pose a possible conflict of interest.
Annals of Medical and health Sciences Research favor registration of clinical trials. This should be registered in the clinical trial registry. Please, visit the following websites; http://www.ctri.in/; http://www.actr.org.au/; http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/; http://isrctn.org/; http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/index.asp; and http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr. This only applies to clinical trials that have begun enrolment of subjects in or after June 2008. Retrospective registration is required for enrolments that started before 2008, with a clinical trial registry that allows unlimited online free admission to the public.
All submitted articles involving human experiments should be performed only in accordance with the ethical standards provided by the responsible committee of the institution and in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Edinburgh 2000),
available at http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html. This must be clearly stated in the document. Authors may be asked to provide evidence of the ethical approval. Informed oral or written permission must be obtained from human subjects, and this must be clearly stated in the methodology section. Efforts should be made to preserve patient anonymity. Ensure confidentiality of subjects by desisting from mentioning participants’ names, initials or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. Indeed photographs should be cropped sufficiently to prevent the recognition of human subjects being. An eye bar can be used if necessary. Animal experiments must conform to the instructions for the care and use of animals provided by the institution at which the research was carried out.
The International Committee of Medical, Journal Editors (ICMJE) has established uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals, including that each author of a manuscript must have made a significant contribution to the following 3 criteria to qualify for authorship: (1. Conceiving and designing the work represented by the article or analysing and interpreting the data, (2. Drafting the article or revising it critically for effective intellectual content, and (3. Giving final approval of the version to be published.
The contribution of each author towards the preparation of the manuscript must be stated. Description should be divided in following categories, as applicable: concept, design, definition of intellectual content, literature search, clinical studies, experimental studies, data acquisition, data analysis, statistical analysis, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing and manuscript review. One or more author should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole from inception to the published article and should be designated as 'guarantor'.
All authors of must disclose any and all conflicts of interest they may have with the publication of the manuscript or an institution or product that is mentioned in the manuscript and/or is critical to the outcome of the study presented. Authors should also disclose conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.
These include randomized controlled trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic test, outcome studies, cost effectiveness analyses, case-control series, and surveys with high response rate. Original articles should contain between 1500-3500 words (excluding Abstract, references and Tables). The content of the paper must justify its length. The presentation should be structured; abstract, introduction, patients/methods, results, discussion, acknowledgements, references, tables figures and legends.
Review articles will be highly selective. The body of the text should not exceed 4000 words. Review articles should address topics of general interest. They should provide systematic, critical assessments of the literature and creative discussion of relevant topics. The presentation should be structured and presented as a brief structured abstract, Introduction, Body of the review with headings and subheadings, References, and Figures and/or Tables where appropriate. Authors submitting review article should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesising data.
Up to 1500 words, with a maximum of two tables or figures and 12 references. A brief, three sentence summaries should be included.
For original research work. Up to 700 words with a single table or figure and a maximum of five references.
Case Reports/Case Series
This should be up to 1000 words. A brief summary is required. The contents should be logically ordered, but division into sections is optional. One table or figure is allowed in addition to text. Up to five references may be given.
Letter to the Editor
Correspondence is welcomed on any subject, including editorials or articles that have appeared in Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research. Letters may also be a appropriate approach for presenting experiences or observations that are too brief for Short Reports.
Methods and Devices
Articles that describe procedures, techniques or equipment tailored by readers to their own situation of work are also welcomed. The name of the author, qualifications, position, and place of work should be given.
All manuscripts must be submitted on-line through the website http://www. journalonweb.com/amhsr, First time users will have to register at this site. Registration is free but mandatory. Registered authors can keep track of their articles after logging into the site using their user name and password. Authors do not have to pay for submission, processing or publication of articles. If you experience any problems, please contact the editorial office by e-mail at email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org. Manuscripts that do not comply with “Instructions to Authors” would be returned to the authors for technical correction, before they undergo editorial/ peer-review. The manuscript should be submitted in the form of two separate files:
This file should provide
Manuscripts must be submitted online using double line-spaced, Times New Roman, 12 font size, unjustified text throughout, with headings and subheadings in bold case. It should be submitted as a Rich Text Format (*, rtf) ,not as a word doc.
Abstract must be have uniform subheadings Funding Acknowledgements must be included, even when the research is self funded, statement on this must be included .
c. Materials and Methods When Dealing With Animal and Subjects and Methods When Dealing With Humans. This section of the abstract must include Settings and Design, and, Statistical analysis used.
Introduction must clearly identify knowledge gaps and how the present study tends to fill the gaps. At the end of the introduction, the aim of the study must be stated
a. Statement On Ethical Clearance And Informed Consent Must Be Mentioned In Methods Section. The Study Period Must Also Be Stated.
b. Questionnaires When Used Must Be Tested For Validity And Reliability; A Brief Description Of How This Is Done Must Be Stated In The Methods Section. A Sample Of The Questionnaires Must Be Attached As Appendix
a. In Original Article Only, When % Is Used In The Result Section Of Abstract And Body Of A Text, It Is Important To Indicate The Numerator And Denominator. Eg 12.5% (50/200) Of All The Cases Were Females (this is not applicable to introduction and discussion sections of the manuscript). Percentages Must Be Kept To the Nearest One Decimal Place
b. Exact P Values Should Be Recorded (P < Or > 0.05 Is Not Acceptable)
c. P -Values Should Be Approximated To the Nearest Two Decimal Places. All Other Decimals in the Text Should Be Approximated To One Decimal unless specifically indicated.
D. However, When the P Values Are Too Small i.e., If the Exact P-Value is Less Than 0.01 Eg P =0. 001, P=0.003, etc, It Should Be Recorded as P< 0.01
E. Furthermore, If the Exact P-Value Is Extremely Small ie Less Than 0.001 Eg P =0.0001, P=0.0003, 0.0000003 etc, It Should Be Recorded as P< 0.001. Thus, The Lowest P Value That Needs to Be Reported Is P<0.001, and this should only be When the Exact P Value Is Extremely Small as above.
f. P -Values Should Never Be Recorded As P= 0.000. Whenever A Soft Ware Brings Out The P Value Like This, Then, It Should Be Recorded As P<0.001.
g. In The Result Section, Only The P Values, Odds Ratio With 95% Confidence Intervals Should Be Included Eg (?2 = 3.01; D=2; P = 0.222) Is Wrong, Instead Remove. ?2 = 3.01;D=2 And Present As ( P = 0.22,Then The Odds Ration And The 95% Confidence Interval) Only.
h. As Much S Possible Ensure That all your mean values , P Values, OR, RR Etc Are Accompanied By Their 95 % Confidence Intervals. All the statistical soft wares used have a provision for calculating 95% CI even with descriptive statistics
I. Mean ± SD Should Be Recorded As Mean (SD). The Plus and Minus Sign Should Be Removed E.G 34±6 should Be Recorded as 34(6).For Example; The Mean (SD) For Age Is 34(6).Include also the 95 % CI of the calculated mean.
8. Please Include the Country of Design for Statistical Soft Ware’s Eg SPSS, Version 17.0 (Chicago Il, Usa). Epi Info Version 3.5.1 (CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA).
Ensure that your discussion captures the following
a. Summary of key findings (primary outcome measures, secondary outcome measures, results as they relate to a prior hypothesis); compare with findings from other studies.
b. Interpretation of the findings and implications in the context of the totality of evidence (is there a systematic review to refer to, if not, could one be reasonably done here and now? what this study adds to the available evidence, effects on patient care and health policy, possible mechanisms);
c. Strengths and limitations of the study (study question, study design, data collection, analysis and interpretation);
d. Controversies raised by this study; and
e. Future research directions (for this particular research collaboration, underlying mechanisms, clinical research).
Update the References E.G. (Ensure That 50 % of the Ref. Are Less Than 5 Years Old, While 40% Should Be Less than 10 Years, and the Remaining 10% Should Not Be Very Old)
YOU MUST PAY SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THESE TECHNICAL COMMENTS AS PUBLICATION WILL BE DELAYED OR SUSPENDED IF NOT STRICTLY FOLLOWED. ALL CHANGES MADE MUST ALSO BE HIGHLIGHTED IN COLOR
IGNORE IF NOT APPLICABLE TO YOU
Electronic Sources as Reference
Abstract must be have uniform subheadings
Funding Acknowledgements must be included, even when the research is self funded, statement on this must be included .
Journal Article on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2010 Sept 24];102(6):[about 6 am]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm
Monograph on the Internet
Foley KM and Gelband H. (Eds). Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2010 Sept 20]. Available from: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.
Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2009 Jun 21; cited 2010 Aug 15]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.
Part of a homepage/Web site
American Medical Association [homepage on the Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995-2002 [updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug 12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/1736.html.
The commonly cited types of references are shown above, for other types of references such as newspaper items please refer to ICMJE Guidelines (http://www.icmje.org or http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html).
Tables should be self explanatory and must be prepared using the Table feature of the word processor. Tables should not duplicate information given in the text .Tables must be concise and cited consecutively using Arabic numerals in the text (Table 1, Table 2…etc.). Each table should be typed on a separate sheet. The title of the table should clearly indicate the nature of the contents and sufficient detail should be included in the footnote to facilitate interpretation without reference to the text. Vertical rules are not allowed. Use horizontal rules only. Tables with more than 10 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table. Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted, and modified tables and provide a credit line in the footnote. For footnotes use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||,¶ , **, ††, ‡‡.Tables with their legends should be provided at the end of the text after the references. The tables along with their number should be cited at the relevant place in the text.
The revised version of the manuscript should be submitted online in a method similar to that used for submission of the manuscript for the first time. While submitting a revised version, there is no need to submit the “First Page” or “Covering Letter” file. Referees’ remarks along with point to point clarification at the beginning in the revised file itself should be included. Additionally, the authors should mark the changes as underlined or colored text in the article.
Journal provides no free printed reprints. Authors can purchase reprints, payment for which should be done at the time of submitting the proofs.
Proofs will be sent to the corresponding authors by email approximately 2 weeks before the publication date.
Article processing charge:
The journal charges following fee on acceptance
Letter to the Editor, Medical Jokes: US $ 100 (for overseas authors), INR 5000 (for authors from India)
Book Review, Research Letter to the Editor/Short communication: US $ 150 (for overseas authors), INR 7000 (for authors from India)
Case Report, Methods and Devices, Original Article, Review Article, Technical Report: US $ 200 (for overseas authors), INR 10000 (for authors from India)
(As mandated by the Indian Government and based on the Service tax Law and procedures, Wolters Kluwer India Private Ltd, would be charging service tax @15.00% (14.00% Service Tax + 0.5% Swachh Bharat Cess + 0.5% Krishi Kalyan Cess) on fees collected from Indian authors with effect from 1st June 2016. The said tax will be in addition to the prices maintained on the website to be collected from the authors and will be paid to the Indian Government.)
The entire contents of the Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research are protected under Indian and international copyrights. The Journal, however, grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. The journal also grants the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial use under Creative Commons Attribution-Non commercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
Presentation and format
Language and grammar
Tables and figures
(to be modified as applicable and one signed copy attached with the manuscript)
I/we certify that I/we have participated sufficiently in contributing to the intellectual content, concept and design of this work or the analysis and interpretation of the data (when applicable), as well as writing of the manuscript, to take public responsibility for it and have agreed to have my/our name listed as a contributor.
I/we believe that the manuscript represents valid work. Neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content under my/our authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere, except as described in the covering letter. I/we certify that all the data collected during the study is presented in this manuscript and no data from the study has been or will be published separately. I/we attest that, if requested by the editors, I/we will provide the data/information or will cooperate fully in obtaining and providing the data/information on which the manuscript is based, for examination by the editors or their assignees. Financial interests, direct or indirect, that exist or may be perceived to exist for individual contributors in connection with the content of this paper have been disclosed in the cover letter. Sources of outside support of the project are named in the covering letter.
I/We hereby transfer(s), assign(s), or otherwise convey(s) all copyright ownership, including any and all rights incidental thereto, exclusively to the Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research, in the event that such work is published by the Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research. The Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research shall own the work, including:
We give the rights to the corresponding author to make necessary changes as per the request of the journal, do the rest of the correspondence on our behalf and he/she will act as the guarantor for the manuscript on our behalf.
All persons who have made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript, but who are not contributors, are named in the Acknowledgment and have given me/us their written permission to be named. If I/we do not include an Acknowledgment that means I/we have not received substantial contributions from non-contributors and no contributor has been omitted.
Name Signature Date signed
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These ready to use templates are made to help the contributors write as per the requirements of the Journal.
Save the templates on your computer and use them with a word processor program.
Click open the file and save as the manuscript file.
In the program keep 'Document Map' and 'Comments' on from 'View' menu to navigate through the file.
Download Template for Original Articles/ABSTRACT Reports. (.DOT file)
Download Template for Case Reports. (.DOT file)
Download Template for Review Articles. (.DOT file)
Download Template for Letter to the Editor. (.DOT file)