amhsr-open access medicla research journals
Agboeze Joseph*, Agboeze Joseph, Onoh Robinson, Eze Justus, Nwali Matthew and Ukaegbe Chukwuemeka
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria, Email:
2 Virology Centre, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria, Email:
*Correspondence: Dr. Agboeze Joseph, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria, Email:

Citation: Agboeze J, et al. Clinical Profile of Lassa Fever Patients in Abakaliki, Southeastern Nigeria, January - March 2018. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2019;9: 598-602

This open-access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC) (, which permits reuse, distribution and reproduction of the article, provided that the original work is properly cited and the reuse is restricted to noncommercial purposes. For commercial reuse, contact


Background: Lassa fever is a zoonotic disease endemic in West Africa. Despite several outbreaks of Lassa fever in Nigeria, only few studies have been done on the clinical profile of the disease. We described the clinical profile of positive Lassa fever patients from January – March 2018 in Ebonyi state.

Methods: We analysed the epidemiological data from the case investigation forms and clinical data from the hospital records. We did univariate analysis of the socio-demographic and clinical variables and multivariate analysis to identify the independent socio demographics and clinical factors. Statistical significance level was taken at p value ≤ 0.05, at 95% confidence interval.

Results: Sixty two cases were positive with mean age of 35 ± 16.2 years. The total case fatality rate was 19%, higher among health workers (31%). The case fatality rate for patients on Ribavirin was 16%. The age group mostly affected was 30-39 years and the least 0-9 years. Most were females (59.7%) and traders (26.2%), (42.9%) had tertiary level of education. Fever (78%), headache (62%), cough (38%) and were the most reported symptoms at presentation while common complications included nasal bleeding (14%) and jaundice (6%). Having abdominal pain (p=0.0015, CI=0.022-0.500) and diarrhea (p=0.0019, CI=0.030-0.521) were related with mortality while treatment with Ribavirin (P=0.0334, OR =10) was associated with survival.

Conclusion: Diarrhea and abdominal pain were key symptoms related to mortality. Even with Ribavirin treatment, there was a high rate of fatalities underscoring the need to develop more effective and/or supplemental treatments for Lassa fever.

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

Awards Nomination
20+ Million Readerbase
Abstracted/Indexed in

  • Include Baidu Scholar
  • CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure)
  • EBSCO Publishing's Electronic Databases
  • Exlibris – Primo Central
  • Google Scholar
  • Hinari
  • Infotrieve
  • National Science Library
  • ProQuest
  • TdNet
  • African Index Medicus
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research The Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research is a bi-monthly multidisciplinary medical journal.
Submit your Manuscript