Marta Hreńczuk*, Tomasz Piątek and Piotr Małkowski
 
Department of Surgical and Transplantation Nursing and Extracorporeal Therapies, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, Email: [email protected]
 
*Correspondence: Marta Hreńczuk, Department of Surgical and Transplantation Nursing and Extracorporeal Therapies, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, Ul. Oczki 6, 02 – 007 Warszaw, Poland, Tel: 225021920, Email: [email protected]

Citation: Hreńczuk M, et al. Lipoprotein Apheresis – Own Experience. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2020;10:7 54-757.

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Abstract

Low density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis is utilized in clinical practice with patients suffering from lipid disorders with a high and very high cardiovascular risk. One treatment allows to reduce the concentration of LDL by 55 – 80%. These treatments are recommended primarily for patients with a familial homozygous hypercholesterolemia, for whom treatments should be commenced as early as at the age of 5-8 years old. Therapy is also used for patients with a heterozygous form of hypercholesterolemia if, despite maximum doses of statins, further progress of clinically symptomatic atherosclerosis is observed. Apheresis is recommended when, despite a diet and maximum tolerable pharmacotherapy, the concentration of LDL is ≥ 300 mg/dl (7,7 mmol/l) or ≥ 200 mg/dl (5,2 mmol/l) throughout 6 months for patients with documented coronary heart disease. In recent years an indication to perform apheresis is also an isolated increase of lipoprotein (a), with values >60 mg/dl. The apheresis treatment lasts 2-3 hours and must be repeated every 1-2 weeks for the rest of the patient’s life, it is safe and not associated with dangerous complications. Below we present the current state of knowledge regarding LA with a description of own experience.

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