Background: acute abdomen and exploratory laparotomy go hand in hand in any surgical emergency duty. We conducted this study to know the causes as well as the post operative complications of the laparotomies in a tertiary hospital in central India.
Methods: Our study was a hospital based observational study in which all surgical emergency cases which were operated upon by emergency midline laparotomy for acute abdomen or trauma at a tertiary medical hospital in central India were included in the study.
Results: A total of 188 consecutive cases of patients presenting with abdominal pain in surgery emergency who had to undergo an emergency laparotomy were included in the study. Out of them, 155 were patients of only acute abdomen while 33 had a history of trauma. Most of the cases were in 40–60 year age group (30.4 %), closely followed by 60–80 year age group (28.9 %), while least cases were below 20 years (7.2 %). Out of the 188 cases, 142 were males and 46 were females. Among those with history of trauma, about 65% were blunt abdominal trauma and the rest 35% were penetrating type trauma.