Analysis of Localized Periodontal Flap Surgical Techniques: An Institutional Based Retrospective Study

Author(s): Rinieshah Nair R, Baskran and Balaji Ganesh S*

A myriad of periodontal flap surgical procedures have been used throughout the years in an attempt to reestablish the attachment of periodontal tissues to root surfaces in regions affected by periodontitis. Flap surgery is quite a common procedure done for the patients with deep periodontal pockets. The aim of this study is to analyze the localized periodontal flap surgical techniques done in a private dental hospital. Among a sample of 746 patients who had undergone periodontal flap surgery in private dental hospital, a total of 172 patients who had undergone localized periodontal flap surgery were selected for the study. All patients’ data was collected and categorized based on their age, gender, tooth site and localized periodontal flap surgical techniques. Excel tabulation and SPSS Version 22 was used to analyze the data. Kirkland flap technique was most followed in relation to lower molars (23.26%). Association between localized periodontal flap surgical techniques and tooth site was done and it was found to be statistically significant (p-value=0.014). Within the limitations of our study, it can be concluded that the kirkland flap technique was most commonly followed by surgeons for localized periodontal flap surgery and it was most commonly done in relation to lower molars. Males had higher prevalence for undergoing periodontal flap surgery than females. Localized chronic periodontitis patients aged 31 to 50 years had mostly undergone periodontal flap surgery.


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