This paper is for the purpose of the hematological parameters as regards Hepatitis B-negative donors in the University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. The paper commences with the introduction of the background study and problem statement of blood transfusion, a pivotal treatment that can also cause diseases such as Hepatitis B if structured procedures and screening tests are not followed. Hepatitis B is a terminal disease that endangers the liver, and it is rampant in numerous impoverished and average-class countries, not excluding Nigeria. The problem is amplified by the minimal health facility, emergency need for blood, and minimal obedience to blood donation procedures.
The study reasons its functions by emphasizing the high-occurring case of blood transfusiontransmitted infections in Nigeria and the dire need to focus on key factors that highlight the rampage of the Hepatitis B virus. The study aims to feature vital haematological parameters in selected donors, such as hematocrit, D-dimer test, platelet count, and leukocyte count, to give relevant documentation for in-depth research.
The study found that the mean platelet count, leukocyte count, and D-dimer level were within the normal reference ranges for healthy adults. However, the mean hemocrit was slightly lower than the normal reference range. The study's findings are consistent with previous research on hematological parameters in healthy blood donors. The study recommends increasing the sample size, standardizing screening procedures, exploring new screening methods, improving donor education, exploring alternative donor sources, and supporting ongoing research. These recommendations could inform blood donation policies and screening procedures in Nigeria and other countries with similar populations.
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