Association between Dental Attendance and Untreated Coronal Caries among 45-60 Years Visiting Private Dental College: A Retrospective Analysis

Author(s): Arthi Balsubramaniam*, Keerthika Saravanan and Santhosh Kumar MP

Dental caries is one of the oral health problems which causes destruction of hard parts of the tooth by interaction of bacteria and fermentable carbohydrates. Dental caries continue to be an important public health problem in most developing countries. Making regular dental visits plays a major role in the prevalence of dental caries. A retrospective study was conducted by reviewing 86,000 patient records of the authors University hospital for a period of nine months from June 2019 to March 2020. About 100 consecutive case records with signed informed consent making dental visits for regular oral health check-up were retrieved. Data on number of dental visits and number of untreated coronal caries were retrieved and analysed. Descriptive statistics was done to present the socio demographic details and chi square association test was employed to find the association between untreated dental caries. Most of the patients (45.1%) were at the age group 51-55 years. About 19% and 10% of patients with one and two dental visits per year had 6-10 teeth with untreated coronal caries. No significant association of age, gender in dental visits and untreated dental caries was observed (p>0.05). There was no significant association of dental visits with untreated coronal caries. Dental attendance among the age group 45-60 years has no influence on untreated coronal caries. Other contributing factors such as lack of time, lack of awareness may play a role for the prevalence of untreated coronal caries.


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