Root canal treatment is the treatment sequence for the infected pulp of a tooth which is intended to result in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion. The pulp tissue is a complex structure that comprises neural, vascular tissue, fiber, ground substances, interstitial fluid, fibroblast, and minor cellular components. The bacteria penetrate through the mineralized portion of the tooth in the form of caries releasing toxic products and subsequent invasion of pulp leading to tooth pain. The details of the 86,000 patient records were reviewed and analyzed, out of which 399 patients who had undergone root canal treatment between June 2019 to March 2020 were included in this study. The details like age, gender, tooth number and the surface of restorations were evaluated and entered in SPSS, version 23. The data were analyzed through a chi-square test. It was observed that, there is no significant association between age, gender distribution in maxillary first molar and the p-value was found to be >0.05 which is statistically not significant. Within the limitations, the left maxillary first molar had undergone more endodontic therapy than the right maxillary first molar and the males had a higher incidence of endodontic treatment than females.
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