Biology, Pathophysiology, Identification and Prevention of Malaria: A Review Paper on an Introductory Concepts and New Advances

Author(s): Dejen Nureye, Eyob Tekalign, Solomon Hambisa, Wubetu Agegnehu, Solomon Assefa

Malaria continues to be the main community health problem in numerousnations. Six species of Plasmodium are documented as the cause of humanmalaria infection. Among others, P. falciparum and P. vivax parasitesproduce an immense challenge in the public health. Anopheles funestus andAnopheles gambiae are the major transimmiter of the disease (malaria) fromone person to another. The disease parasite has a complicated cycle of lifethat occurs in human and mosquitos. In general, malaria diagnosis isdivided into parasitological and clinical diagnosis. Internationally, the deathrate of malaria becomes reduced although few records from Ethiopiadescribe the presence of raised prevalence of malaria in certain areas. Apartfrom reduction in incidence and prevalence, transmission of malaria iscontinued throughout the globe.


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