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Cervical Necrotizing Fasciitis: A Potentially Fatal Disease with Varied Etiology


Abdurrazaq TO, Ibikunle AA* and Braimah RO

Necrotizing fasciitis was recognized centuries ago by physicians. It is a rapidly progressive and potentially fatal softâ??tissue infection that is typified by softâ??tissue necrosis, especially affecting the subcutaneous tissues and fascia. Cervicoâ??facial necrotizing fasciitis is said to be uncommon, but when it occurs, it is often of odontogenic origin and has severe consequences if not promptly treated. Possible underlying systemic diseases and the source of infection should be addressed and treated appropriately. We present two cases of extensive cervicofacial necrotizing fasciitis, one of which was idiopathic in origin and the other with gross involvement of the chest and abdominal walls. Both were treated successfully. Immediate resuscitation of the patients, administration of empirical antibiotics, treatment of underlying systemic conditions and early, aggressive and serial debridement were the bedrock of management in these cases.

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Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research The Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research is a bi-monthly multidisciplinary medical journal.
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