Dental Caries Status in Children with and without Cleft Lip and Palate: A Case Control Study

Author(s): Kausalyah Krisna Malay, Vignesh Ravindran* and Jayanth Kumar

Prevalence of dental caries in children with cleft lip and palate was shown to be high compared to any other oral complications. The prevalence of associated systemic disease and those are defected postnatally is 25% among children with cleft. The number of factors such as literacy level of their parents, socioeconomic status and occupation of parents also contributes to the poor oral hygiene status of those children. To determine the dental caries status in children with and without cleft lip and palate. The purpose of the study to analyse the dental caries status in children with and without cleft lip and palate. A study was carried out by collecting data by reviewing patients data and analysing the data of 86000 patients between June 2019 and March 2020 at the private dental institute. The sample size that was taken included 5 children with cleft lip and palate (case group) and 5 children without cleft lip and palate (control group), who came to the private dental institute for consultation. The dental caries status were evaluated using DMFT/dmft score and was compared between the groups. Data was statistically analysed using SPSS 2.0, Mann-Whitney U Test was conducted. Result was recorded. The results showed that children with cleft lip and palate showed a lesser DMFT score compared to children without cleft lip and palate, statistically significant (Mann-Whitney U-test; p=0.034). Therefore it was concluded that within the limitation of the current study, children with cleft lip and palate showed lesser incidences of dental caries when compared to children without cleft lip and palate.


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