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Muhammad Abdullah Avais*, Hamida Narijo, Kiran Wassan, Srijana Pandey and Ume-Farwa-Kausar

Background: Gallstone is a major health issue worldwide. The prevalence of gallstone varies according to the region, ethnicity, age, and sex. The main objective of the study is to find out the risk factor for the formation of gallstone in Faisalabad district. Study design: It is a cross-sectional study. Place and duration of study: The study was conducted in surgical wards of Allied hospital and District Head Quarter (DHQ) hospital, Faisalabad from January 2018 to July 2018. Methodology: A total number of 124 patients (M: 60 and F: 64) who have undergone cholecystectomy due to gallstone were selected for the study. Data was gathered by taking interviews with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire to know the age, sex, and dietary habits. Results: The range of age group was 34 to 76 years. While the median age for male was 62 and female 47.5 years. All the female respondents were married and 34% of female respondents were using oral contraceptives. A diverse dietary pattern among respondents was observed. Family income of 52.4% of respondents was 10,000 to 25,000 rupees per month and daily routine life of respondents showed that majority (59.7%) of them spending sedentary life. Conclusions: Increased frequency of cholelithiasis was found in the 41 years-60 years age group. Female gender, middle age, sedentary life, and unhealthy dietary pattern are common risk factors of gallstone formation.

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Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research The Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research is a bi-monthly multidisciplinary medical journal.
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