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Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation technique on postpartum afterpains intensity among multiparous women


Sara M Hussein*, Magda Y Helmy Mourad, Hanan A Kandeel and Neama S Mahmoud Shokhba

Background: Postpartum period is a convivial event yet a challenging period for all mothers. Minor discomforts which are physiologically engrained may cause some interruption in the normal routines of motherhood. Postpartum after pain is one of such discomforts which often goes unrecognized.

Aim of the study: Evaluate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation technique on postpartum afterpains intensity among multiparous women.

Design: A quasi-experimental research design.

Sample: A convenient sample of 100 postpartum mothers. Setting: At the postnatal unit of El-Shatby Maternity university hospital affiliated to alexandria university.

Tools: Data was collected through three tools, data structured interview schedule, which included socio-demographic characteristics, reproductive history and clinical assessment sheet; Short- Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ), and a modified version of Chamber Price Pain Rating Scale (CPPRS).

Results: This study reported highly statistically significant differences between them (P ≤ 0.0001), where unbearable pain decreased sharply from 52% to 18% among the study group, while it remained the same (64%) among the control group. Also, after the 2nd session, the relationship between the two groups was also highly statistically significant (P ≤ 0.0001).

On the third PP day, it was highly statistically significant between them (P ≤ 0.0001), where severe pain declined from 20% to 0% among the study group, while it raised sharply from 14% to 68% among the control group.

Conclusion: This study concluded that progressive muscle relaxation technique significantly reduced intensity of after pains of multiparous women with the intervention.

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Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research The Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research is a bi-monthly multidisciplinary medical journal.
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