Background:Childhood injury is a common public health issue across the world .childhood injuries stand out to be sixth leading cause of mortality and morbidity as per the World Health Organization (WHO) report 2004. The number of deaths that occurred due to unintentional injuries were more when compared to other diseases like heart disease, cancer. Road traffic injury, drowning, burns, falls and poisoning classified as unintentional injuries, make up a major part of all child injury deaths. Ninety percent of unintentional injuries are most commonly seen in lower middle class. However less information is available about the childhood injuries in a Rural Hospital. Objective: To estimate the magnitude and prevalence of Unintentional injury distribution & pattern among children of 1-18 years of age in rural India. Methodology: In this prospective study, a pre-structured questionnaire will be given to the attending of the children who are above 10 years. It will include the mechanism and type of injury along with the other factors which may or may not be contributing to the injury. Results: After completion of the study, we will come to know the prevalence of various types and mechanism of childhood injuries. Conclusion: The study will probably give the information about the prevalence of the childhood injuries in rural India and can be helpful in modifying the factors leading to it , thus decreasing the mortality and morbidity in children due to injuries.