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Female Genital Mutilation: Description and Prevalence of Obstetric and Neonatal Complications


Jeanne Bertuit*, Andy-Muller Nzinga and Veronique Feipel

Background: Female genital mutilation is not without consequences, varying according to the type and severity includes complications of pregnancy and childbirth.

Objective: The objective of this systematic review of literature is to assess the prevalence of obstetric and neonatal complications in women with genital mutilation compared to women without genital mutilation.

Method: Literature searches carried out on three scienti ic databases (CINAHL, Science direct and PubMed) selected observational studies published from 2010 to 2021 assessing prolonged of second phase of labour, vaginal outlet obstruction, emergency cesarean section, perineal tear, instrumental births, episiotomy and postpartum hemorrhage in women in both groups, as well as APGAR score and resuscitation of their newborns.

Results: Nine studies were selected including case-control, cohort and cross-sectional studies.

Data synthesis: Studies found links between genital mutilation and vaginal outlet obstruction, emergency cesarean section and perineal tear.

Conclusion: As for other obstetrical and neonatal complications the researcher’s opinions remain divided. Still, there is some evidence to support the impact of genital mutilation on obstetric and neona tal harm, particularly in type II and III.

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Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research The Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research is a bi-monthly multidisciplinary medical journal.
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