Has the COVID 19 pandemic exacerbated Indias mental health issues A narrative review

Author(s): Manisha Gore, Ansuman Swain, Abhay Saraf

Purpose: Presently, the COVID-19 second wave is creating have with extensive surges in active cases and fatality in India. The country witnessed lockdowns, various prevention strategies including quarantine and social isolation for the first time in the history. Rippling impact on economy, socio cultural atmosphere, migration, sports, agriculture was observed. The drastic change affected mental health of people as well. The objective was to document pandemic’s effect on the mental health of people of India. Methodology:  Keywords COVID-19, mental health, psychology, lockdown, quarantine was searched in PubMed in different orders. The final selection constituted 17 articles. Findings The review revealed symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress in adults. Quarantine children and young adults showed negative symptoms of mental health, health care professionals reflected high prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress and low quality of life (QoL). Gender, age, education, occupation, marital status, parenthood and income were found to be the predictors of mental illness. Insomnia, fear, worry other negative mental health symptoms were documented. Research Limitations Review of literature in this area is restricted. So, all types of research articles were selected in the review. Originality or Value: The article recognizes the symptoms of mental health experienced, vulnerable population and predictors. Country’s large size, diversity, constrained healthcare resources, makes it challenging to deal the pandemic including protection of mental health. The review would be constructive to researchers, psychiatrists, psychologists, policymakers. Together they could strategize holistic interventions for the problems.


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