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Knowledge and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases among Residents of Ifelodun Local Government Area, Osun State


Oluwatosin Ilori*, S O Olarewaju, W O Adebimpe and T Olubodun

Background: Cardio Vascular Diseases (CVD) are the leading causes of illness and death globally. The rapid changes in lifestyle have led to an increase in the magnitude of CVD, which are emerging as a predominant health problem especially in developing countries; where non-communicable diseases are replacing the traditional enemies of infectious diseases and malnutrition.

Objective: This study is done to assess the community knowledge and risk factors of Cardio Vascular Diseases (CVD) in Ifelodun local government area, Osun state.

Materials and method: It was a cross-sectional descriptive study using multi-stage sampling technique to select 239 respondents. Data were collected using pre-tested self-administered semi structured questionnaire, analyzed using statistical package for social sciences version 23.0.

Results: Using body mass index, 6 (9.7%), 86 (36%), 64 (26.8%) are malnourished, overweight and obese respectively. 30 (12.7%) are diabetics and 35 (14.6%) are hypertensive. 79 (33.1%) had poor knowledge on CVD risk factors while 160 (66.9%) had good knowledge. Also 142 (59.4%) had high CVD risk while 97 (40.6%) had low CVD risk factors. Predictors of respondents having a high CVD risk include being 40 years and above, being a male, having lower monthly income and being hypertensive.

Conclusion: The study revealed a high prevalence of modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors of cardiovascular disease among respondents. The alarming prevalence of risk factors in such population demonstrates the need for organized efforts for the implementation of local and national level programs to prevent cardiovascular diseases.

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Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research The Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research is a bi-monthly multidisciplinary medical journal.
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