Background: Evidence of increased oxidative stress due to endothelial dysfunction in preâ€‘eclampsia has been wellâ€‘established. Increase in the oxidative stress is associated with abnormal lipid profile. Aim: The aim of the study is to compare serum lipids in preâ€‘eclamptic women and healthy pregnant women. Subjects and Methods: In this caseâ€‘control study, blood samples were collected from 40 pregnant females diagnosed as preâ€‘eclampsia and 80 normal pregnant females at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between February 2009 and January 2010. We evaluated serum levels of total cholesterol, lowâ€‘density lipoprotein and highâ€‘density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride in women with preâ€‘eclampsia and those of women with normal pregnancies. Data was analyzed using SPSS for Windows (version 17.0, SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA). The data is presented descriptively and test for significance was done using the student tâ€‘test for continous data. Results: Women with preâ€‘eclampsia exhibited higher serum triglyceride levels compared with normal pregnant women (P < 0.01). Other measured serum lipids did not differ significantly in the two groups. Conclusion: We recommend that any pregnant female with higher serum triglyceride concentrations may be further investigated for preâ€‘eclampsia. Further large scale multicenter studies are required to establish the use of measuring serum triglyceride levels to screen the pregnant females for preâ€‘eclampsia.
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