Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma among Different Age Groups: A Retrospective Study

Author(s): Cinthura C, Madhulaxmi Marimuthu* and Arvina Rajasekaran

Aim: The anatomical complexities involving maxillofacial injuries and its associated effect on the psychological aspect of the patient is distinctive from other injuries. To improve preventive measures and health care services, a better understanding of its pattern is crucial. This study was done to evaluate the frequency of types of maxillofacial trauma among different age groups.
Materials & Methods: Data of 70 maxillofacial trauma patients who reported to the Department of Oral Surgery from June 2019 to April 2020 were obtained. Maxillofacial trauma and its distribution in terms of age and sex were studied.
Results: The results showed that maxillofacial trauma had a male predilection (88.57%) and victims were from the age group of 10 to 35 years (70%) predominantly. Fractures of the mandible (62.9%) were common followed by maxillary fractures. The least prevalent were fractures of the nasal bone, orbital floor and pan facial fractures. Types of trauma distributed among different age groups showed no statistically significant association (p=0.646).
Conclusion: Trauma to the mandible was more common in our study population. Age group of 10-35 years had higher incidences of trauma and men were predominantly injured. However, the age of the patient did not prove to have a strong association with the type of injury. The study draws attention to the fact that the trauma patterns within a community or a country as such, can be reflected by assessing the etiology and pattern of maxillofacial injuries thus providing a guide for building up programs catered towards prevention and treatment.


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