Background: Sleep is required for optimal functioning; however data on sleep disorders are scarce in Family medicine practice in Nigeria. Objectives: The study determines the pattern of sleep disorder among patients attending the Family Practice Clinic at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Ile-Ife, (OAUTHC) Nigeria. Socio-demographic and clinical correlates associated with sleep disorder were identified. Methodology: Four hundred and ten patients attending the Family Practice clinic were selected by a systematic random sampling method were studied. Relevant data were collected using a pre-tested intervieweradministered questionnaire which included items from the Pittsburgh sleep quality index and Epworth Sleepiness scale. Results: Of the subjects were recruited, 284 (69.3%) were females. The overall mean age was 48.5+ 16.5 years with individuals aged 45-64 years and above constituting the majority (38.2%). Hypertension was the commonest medical condition seen in 147 (35.8%) subjects. Two hundred and eighty two (69%) subjects had sleep disorders. Dysomnias was the commonest sleep disorder, seen in 230 (56.1%) subjects, of which insomnia constituted the majority (48.7%) followed by snoring (32.2%). Overall the commonest sleep problem was insomnia, with a prevalence of 27.3%. One fifth of the study population had a high risk of obstructive sleep apnoea. Multiple regression analysis showed that older age (45 years and above), been separated, living close to a religious house and chronic medical condition increased the risk of sleep disorder with OR of 2.3, 2.9, 1.9 and 2.4 respectively, p < 0.05. Conclusion: About seven out of every 10 patients presenting to the Family Medicine Clinic of OAUTHC had sleep disorders. Routine screening for sleep disorders is important for early detection and treatment.
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language