Background: Periodontal diseases are common in children, adolescents and adults. It affects the tissues that make up the periodontium. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of periodontal diseases and associated risk factors in children, presenting to UBTH. Materials and Methods: Study participants were children aged 8-16years who presented to the Paediatric Dental clinic. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire on sociodemographics, oral and general health behavior. Oral cleanliness, gingival and periodontal health were assessed using the Simplified oral health index (OHI-S), Gingival index and Community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN). Results: Seventy children participated, the highest proportion (40%) of the participants, were within 8-10 years of age, more males (52.9%), 51.4% attending secondary and 44.3% were from high socio-economic status. Toothbrush and paste (91.4%) was the predominant cleaning agents, many brushed once a day (68.6%), pain (58.6%) most frequent reason for dental visit. The prevalence of gingivitis was 82.9%. Majority had CPITN score of 2 (75.7%) indicating periodontal disease but none had periodontitis. There was an association between sexes and cleaning agents used (P= 0.025), socioeconomic status and reasons for dental visits (P= 0.018). An association exists between the presence of systemic illness and S-OHI status, Gingival index and CPITN (P= 0.001; 0.001; 0.017) respectively. Conclusions: Prevalence of periodontal disease was high, with a need for professional cleaning and oral health education. Risk factors were sex, socioeconomic status, use of cleaning agents; dental visits and systemic illness were significantly associated with gingivitis.
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research received 15898 citations as per google scholar report