Background: ASD is a spectrum of ailments owing to the developmental issues in the nervous system that is represented by lack of social communication and the occurrence of behavioral repetition and restricted interests. Evidence-based prevalence of disorders such as Autism, disintegrative disorder in childhood, Asperger Syndrome etc, in the general population in India is not yet predicted and not many studies are been conducted to estimate Autism prevalence among people in rural areas of India. Objectives: To find out the prevalence of ASD in the rural part of Wardha district, Maharashtra. Methodology: We will do the prospective study in which children will be screened by fifth revised criteria for detection of autism – DSM 5. Result: By doing this study, we will come to know the actual prevalence of ASD and risk factors for ASD in rural area of Wardha district. Conclusion: Depending on the prevalence of the autism, we will be planned for setting up a set of clinical guiding principles for the management of autism at the primary health centres.