Prevalence of Periodontal Disease among Individuals between 18-30 Years of Age: A Retrospective Study

Author(s): Thanish Ahamed S, Arvina Rajasekar* and Mebin George Mathew

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of periodontal disease among individuals between 18-30 years of age.

Materials & Methods: The present retrospective study was conducted among outpatients reported to Saveetha Dental College, Chennai from June 2019 to March 2020. A total of 200 patients (100 males and 100 females) of 18-30 years of age were randomly selected as study participants. Based on the clinical examination data, the study subjects were categorized either into gingivitis or periodontitis.

Results: Frequency distribution and percentage and chisquare test were calculated. Among 200 patients, 152 (76%) had gingivitis and 48 (24%) had periodontitis. In gender wise comparison, among 100 females, 82 (82%) had gingivitis and 18 (18%) had periodontitis. Among 100 males, 70 (70%) had gingivitis and 30 (30%) had periodontitis. Also, association between gender and periodontal status was assessed and found to be statistically significant with the p value of 0.047.

Conclusion: The prevalence of gingivitis (76%) was more than periodontitis (24%) within 18-30 years of age in the given population. Also, the prevalence of gingivitis was higher in females, whereas the prevalence of periodontitis was higher in males.

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