Significance of Artificial Intelligence in ophthalmology: Review Article

Author(s): Komal Bhaurao kedar, Shrikrishna K. Nannaware, Geeta V. Sathavane, Chetan Saoji, Praful Patil

In 1959, artificial intelligence technology has developed speedily and support in scientific analysis and health institute. It is used in ophthalmology for data analysis, separation, diagnosis and possible final outcomes. AI is being used in ophthalmology for diagnosed Anterior and posterior segment diseases. In Anterior segment disorders such as Keratoconus diagnosed by Topography, Cataract diagnosis, its gradations and intra ocular lens power calculations, refractive errors identify with the help of Snellen charts and appropriate number of refractive error with the help of auto refractometer. Posterior segment disorders like a DR, glaucoma, Age related macular degeneration, Retinopathy of prematurity, Retinal detachment, retinal vascular occlusions, Strabismus, and ocular oncology, Peri-Orbital trauma, organization of strabismus surgeries, and intravitreal anti VEGF injections. AI is a well-developed technology in ophthalmology and can detect cerebral impairment, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke risk, papilledema from colour fundus photographs and optical coherence tomography, Fluorescein angiography. In recent year lifestyle of human being has modified drastically with the help of AI, ML, and DL technologies. AI is a multifaceted machinery. Together, AI, ML and DL are look forward to supply computer devices to the ophthalmologists for early distinguished and suitable treatment of ocular disorders in the forthcoming. Imaging modalities in ophthalmology supply methods to diagnosed ophthalmic disorders and detect the development of pathologies including anterior and posterior segment ophthalmic disorders. There are many imaging technology is used for diagnosing ophthalmic disorders such as colour fundus photography, optical coherence tomography OCT, Fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, fundus auto fluorescence, corneal topography, slit lamp photography. Extension of average lifespan of human being, changes in lifestyle, demographics, and the changing pathogenesis of many chronic condition such as Obesity, Hypertension, Diabetes, DR, AMD, and Glaucoma produced big a demand for such technology.


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