Global Bioethics and Culture in a Pluralistic World:How does Culture influence Bioethics in Africa?
Author(s): Chukwuneke FN*, Umeora OUJ, Maduabuchi JU and Egbunike N
Bioethics principles and practice can be influenced by different cultural background. This is because the four globally accepted bioethics principles are often based on basic ethical codes such as autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence and justice. Beneficence/nonmaleficence requires us to maximize possible benefits, while minimizing possible harms and consequently secure the wellâbeing of others by refraining from harming them. Autonomy gives individuals the right to selfâactualization and decisionâmaking, while justice is concerned with the fair selection and distribution of the burdens and benefits of research among participants. Applications of these principles in cultural settings vary more often from one cultural perspective to the other because of the different understanding and practices of “what is good.” The proponents of global ethic.. Read More»