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Assessment of the Applicability of KPG Index and Grisar's Method of Three Dimensional Evaluation of Canine Position in Cases with Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: An Observational Prospective Study: A Study Protocol


Pratiksha Lakhe*, Priyanka Niranjane, Pallavi Daigavane, Ashish Nasre, Nikhil Kumar and Smita Kumari

Background: Dental problems are among the most serious complications a patient having a cleft lip and palate may face. Impacted canine are 10-20 times more common than the overall population. Treatment for impacted maxillary canines typically requires surgery and is laden with risk. Therefore, it is desirable to have a reliable method for early canine position recognition.

Aim and objectives: To Study the effectiveness o f t he KPG index and Grisar's method of three-dimensional evaluation position of canine in cases with "unilateral cleft lip and palate" is the goal of this observational prospective study.

Methodology: After receiving the patient's permission, a total of 15 cone beam computed tomography pictures will be taken. Each patient's canine position will be assessed in the frontal, sagittal, and lateral views.

Result: The end result is that conventional radiography techniques might make it challenging to diagnose and plan therapy due to the overlap of structures on the film. The goal of this study is to determine if the previously published method can be used to aid clinicians in rapidly approximating the difficulty of tr eating impacted canines without requiring the clinician to take numerous measurements before informing the cleft lip and palate patient of the approximate treatment plan.

Conclusion: The ability to precisely locate impacted canines through the use of spatial relationships and high quality tissue contrast is made possible by 3D volumetric imaging systems employing CBCT images. In order to better plan therapy, orthodontists need information about the exact location and orientation variation of the impacted canines.

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Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research The Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research is a bi-monthly multidisciplinary medical journal.
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