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Metabolic Syndrome and its Association with Quality of Life among Middle Aged Urban Residents in West Ethiopia


Alemu Adeba*, Dessalegn Tamiru and Tefera Belachew

Background: Metabolic syndrome is a major health disorder facing all people and obesity become epidemic worldwide. In developing countries, undiagnosed Mets constitutes a challenge for health providers; screening healthier community for mets and poor quality of life was not practiced, especially in west Ethiopia.

Objective: To assess magnitude and association of Mets with HRQoL among undiagnosed middle aged urban residents of west Ethiopia.

Methods: A community based cross sectional study design was applied on 266 unscreened healthy adults from February 01, 2019 to March 01, 2019. By using SPSS version 24, an association of MetS and HRQoL was indenti ied. Statistically signi icant of variables were considered at p ≤ 0.05 on multivariable logistic regression analysis.

Results: The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 15.4% and majority (91.7%) of participants had poor healthy lifestyles. By separate components the most frequent metabolic syndrome parameters; central obesity, blood pressure, hyperglycemia and low density lipoprotein were 58.6%, 18.4%, 24.4%, 20.4% and 19.5% respectively. Findings of multivariable showed mobility problem was associated signi icantly with metabolic syndrome (AOR: 7.53; 95% CI: 2.00-12.70; p, 0.003). Similarly, those who had serum TG level ≥ 150 mg/dL was found to increased risks of metabolic syndrome by more than one hundred thirteen times (OR=113.18 CI=36.05-355.29) and higher odds of being having metabolic syndrome were noted likely in depressed respondents after adjustment (AOR: 1.46; 95% CI, 1.13-1.65, p=0.233), however not signi icant. Likewise, HRQoL con irms signi icant association with metabolic syndrome (p, 0.009).

Conclusion: This study reveals modi iable risks factors, undiagnosed METs and poor health related quality of life were prevalent and associated in urban residents of west Ethiopia. Therefore, educating community on healthy lifestyles and creating awareness on metabolic syndrome were signi icant to improving quality of life and mitigate non-communicable diseases.

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