Pattern and Presentation of Tongue Lesions in Kaduna, Nigeria: A 10 Year Review

Author(s): Fomete B*, Agbara R, Osunde OT, Bello SA, Yunus AA and Goni BAM

Introduction: The tongue is a complex of muscle groups with a fibrous scaffold consisting of the hyoglossal membrane and midline lingual septum and covered by epithelium. The musculature of the tongue is separated into intrinsic and extrinsic groups. The tongue may be involved with lesions similar to those in other parts of the oral cavity, or as an oral manifestation of systemic diseases. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of all consecutive patients that presented with tongue lesions at the Oral and Maxillofacial Clinic of the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria between January 2006 and December 2014 was undertaken. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 13, Illinois USA. Results: A total of 93 patients presented with tongue lesions within the years reviewed. There were 51 males and 42 females giving a male to female ratio of 1.2:1. Carcinoma of the tongue was the commonest lesion accounting for 18/93 (19.35%) of all the cases. This was followed by ankyloglosia and trauma with 12.9% (12/93) each. Condylomas and hemangiomas had the least frequency. Conclusion: A vast variety of tongue lesions were seen in the present study.


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