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Topical Steroids Inducing Cushing???s Syndrome and Subsequent Adrenal Axis Suppression


Innocent E Francis, Khalid Seedahmed, Nonhlanhla Khumalo and Ian Louis Ross*

We present the case of 19-year-old migrant woman presented to our teaching hospital with features of Cushing’s syndrome. While she gave no history of oral steroid use, she had used creams from an informal market to improve her appearance. She used these creams for several years, but had stopped these a month prior to presentation. She was amenorrhoeic and had difficulty falling pregnant for several years and biochemistry confirmed that she had inadequate cortisol reserve, indicative of hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis suppression. We examine the risk factors for development of Cushing’s syndrome along with describing the available literature on hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis suppression in this setting. Despite the controls and legislature, illegal sale of these creams, with origins in Europe, India and USA is ongoing. We call upon improved law enforcement to prevent export and illegal sales to vulnerable persons.

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Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research The Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research is a bi-monthly multidisciplinary medical journal.
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