Disparities in the Magnitude of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-related Opportunistic Infections Between High and Low/Middle income Countries: Is Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Changing the Trend?
Author(s): Iroezindu MO*
Opportunistic infections (OIs) cause significant morbidity/mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals globally. Disparities between high income countries (HICs) and low/middle income countries (LMICs) in the magnitude of HIV related OIs in pre-highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) populations was reviewed, and HAART induced decline in OIs was further compared between the two settings. Studies published in English from onset of HIV epidemic up to December 2013 were searched in PubMed, Google, Google Scholar, and African Journal online. An article was included if (a) the study was conducted in HIC or LMIC, (b) the age of the participants was ≥12 years, (c) the HAART status of the participants was stated, and (d) various types of OIs were investigated. In predominantly pre HAART populations, the incidence and prevalence of .. Read More»
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research received 15898 citations as per google scholar report